1533 - Queen Elizabeth I, of England, was born in Greenwich.
1812 - Napoleon defeated the Russian army of Alexander I at the battle of Borodino.
1822 - Brazil declared its independence from Portugal.
1888 - Edith Eleanor McLean became the first baby to be placed in an incubator.
1901 - The Boxer Rebellion began in China ending the Peace of Beijing.
1940 - London received its initial rain of bombs from Nazi Germany during World War II.
1942 - During World War II, the Russian army counter attacked the German troops outside the city of Stalingrad.
1977 - The Panama Canal treaties were signed by U.S. President Carter and General Omar Torrijos Herrera. The treaties called for the U.S. to turn over control of the canal's waterway to Panama in the year 2000.