1483 - King Richard III of England was crowned.
1535 - Sir Thomas More was executed in England for treason.
1699 - Captain William Kidd, the pirate, was captured in Boston, MA, and deported back to England.
1885 - Louis Pasteur successfully tested his anti-rabies vaccine. The child used in the test later became the director of the Pasteur Institute.
1905 - Fingerprints were exchanged for the first time between officials in Europe and the U.S. The person in question was John Walker.
1917 - During World War I, Arab forces led by T.E. Lawrence captured the port of Aqaba from the Turks.
1923 - The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established.
1942 - Diarist Anne Frank and her family took refuge from the Nazis in Amsterdam.
1988 - 167 North Sea oil workers were killed by explosions and fires that destroyed the Piper Alpha drilling platform.
1997 - The Mars Pathfinder released Sojourner, a robot rover on the surface of Mars. The spacecraft landed on the red planet on July 4th.