1527 - German troops began sacking Rome, bringing about the end of the Renaissance.
1529 - Babur defeated the Afghan Chiefs in the Battle of Ghagra, India.
1576 - The peace treaty of Chastenoy ended the fifth war of religion.
1682 - King Louis XIV moved his court to Versailles, France.
1840 - The first adhesive postage stamps went on sale in Great Britain.
1851 - The mechanical refrigerator was patented by Dr. John Gorrie.
1877 - Chief Crazy Horse surrendered to U.S. troops in Nebraska.
1889 - The Universal Exposition opened in Paris, France, marking the dedication of the Eiffel Tower..
1910 - Kind Edward VII of England died. He was succeeded by his second son, George V.
1937 - The German airship Hindenburg crashed and burned in Lakehurst. Thirty-six people (of the 97 on board) were killed.
1941 - Joseph Stalin assumed the Soviet premiership.
1942 - During World War II, the Japanese seized control of the Philippines. About 15,000 Americans and Filipinos on Corregidor surrendered to the Japanese.
1954 - British runner Roger Banister broke the four minute mile.
1959 - The Pablo Picasso painting of a Dutch girl was sold for $154,000 in London. It was the highest price paid (at the time) for a painting by a living artist.
1962 - The first nuclear warhead was fired from the Polaris submarine.
1994 - The Chunnel officially opened. The tunnel under the English Channel links England and France.