1778 - The United States gained official recognition from France as the two nations signed the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance in Paris.
1932 - Dog sled racing happened for the first time in Olympic competition.
1899 - The U.S. Senate ratified a peace treaty between the U.S. and Spain.
1900 - The Holland Senate ratified the 1899 peace conference decree that created in international arbitration court at The Hague.
1952 - Britain's King George VI died. His daughter, Elizabeth II, succeeded him.
1985 - The French mineral water company, Perrier, debuted its first new product in 123 years. The new items were water with a twist of lemon, lime or orange.
2000 - Russia's acting President Vladimir Putin announced that Russian forces had captured Grozny, Chechnya. The capital city had been under the control of Chechen rebels.
2000 - In Finland, Foreign Minister Tarja Halonen became the first woman to be elected president.
2001 - Ariel Sharon was elected Israeli prime minister.