1615 - The fortress of Osaka, Japan, fell to shogun Ieyasu after a six month siege.
1647 - The British army seized King Charles I and held him as a hostage.
1717 - The Freemasons were founded in London.
1784 - Marie Thible became the first woman to fly in a hot-air balloon.
1792 - Captain George Vancouver claimed Puget Sound for Britain.
1805 - Tripoli was forced to conclude peace with U.S. after conflicts over tribute.
1878 - Turkey turned Cyprus over to Britain.
1911 - Gold was discovered in Alaska's Indian Creek.
1919 - The U.S. Senate passed the Women's Suffrage bill.
1935 - "Invisible" glass was patented by Gerald Brown and Edward Pollard.
1940 - The British completed the evacuation of 300,000 troops at Dunkirk, France.
1942 - The Battle of Midway began. It was the first major victory for America over Japan during World War II. The battle ended on June 6 and ended Japanese expansion in the Pacific.
1944 - During World War II, the U.S. Fifth Army entered Rome, which began the liberation of the Italian capital.
1989 - In Beijing, Chinese army troops stormed Tiananmen Square to crush the pro-democracy movement. It is believed that hundreds, possibly thousands, of demonstrators were killed.