1681 - England's King Charles II granted a charter to William Penn for an area that later became the state of Pennsylvania.
1813 - The Russians fighting against Napoleon reached Berlin. The French garrison evacuated the city without a fight.
1877 - Emile Berliner invented the microphone.
1904 - In Korea, Russian troops retreated toward the Manchurian border as 100,000 Japanese troops advanced.
1914 - Doctor Fillatre successfully separated Siamese twins.
1933 - U.S. President Roosevelt gave his inauguration speech in which he said "We have nothing to fear, but fear itself."
1947 - France and Britain signed an alliance treaty.
1950 - Walt Disney’s "Cinderella" was released.
1954 - In Boston, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital reported the first successful kidney transplant.
1975 - Queen Elizabeth knighted Charlie Chaplin.
1991 - Sheik Saad al-Jaber al-Sabah, the prime minister of Kuwait, returned to his country for the first time since Iraq's invasion.
1993 - Authorities announced the arrest of Mohammad Salameh. He was later convicted for his role in the World Trade Center Bombing in New York City.
1994 - Bosnia's Croats and Moslems signed an agreement to form a federation in a loose economic union with Croatia.
1994 - Four extremists were convicted in the World Trade Center bombing in which six people were killed and more than a thousand were injured.