1513 - Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon landed in Florida. He had sighted the land the day before.
1829 - James Carrington patented the coffee mill.
1866 - Rudolph Eickemeyer and G. Osterheld patented a blocking and shaping machine for hats.
1882 - The American outlaw Jesse James was shot in the back and killed by Robert Ford for a $5,000 reward.
1910 - Alaska's Mt. McKinley, the highest mountain in North America was climbed.
1942 - The Japanese began their all-out assault on the U.S. and Filipino troops at Bataan.
1946 - Lt. General Masaharu Homma, the Japanese commander responsible for the Bataan Death March, was executed in the Philippines.
1953 - "TV Guide" was published for the first time.
1968 - Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "mountaintop" speech just 24 hours before he was assassinated.