1791 - The U.S. Congress passed a resolution that created the U.S. Mint.
1857 - Britain and France declared war on China.
1878 - Russia and the Ottomans signed the treaty of Stenafano. The treaty granted independence to Serbia.
1904 - Wilhelm II of Germany made the first recording of a political document with Thomas Edison's cylinder.
1905 - The Russian Czar agreed to create an elected assembly.
1906 - A Frenchman tried the first flight in an airplane with tires.
1910 - Nicaraguan rebels admitted defeat in open war and resorted to guerrilla tactics in the hope of U.S. intervention.
1918 - The Treaty of Brest Litovsky was signed by Germany, Austria and Russia. The treaty ended Russia's participation in World War I.
1923 - The first issue of Time magazine was published.
1931 - The "Star Spangled Banner," written by Francis Scott Key, was adopted as the American national anthem. The song was originally a poem known as "Defense of Fort McHenry."
1939 - In Bombay, Ghandi began a fast to protest the state's autocratic rule.
1945 - During World War II, Finland declared war on the Axis.
1956 - Morocco gained its independence.
1969 - Apollo 9 was launched by NASA to test a lunar module.
1969 - Sirhan Sirhan testified in a Los Angeles court that he killed Robert Kennedy.
1973 - Japan disclosed its first defense plan since World War II.
1978 - The remains of Charles Chaplin were stolen from his grave in Cosier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland. The body was recovered 11 weeks later near Lake Geneva.
1994 - The Mexican government reached a peace agreement with the Chiapas rebels.
1999 - Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones began their attempt to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon non-stop. They succeeded on March 20, 1999.