1189 - England's King Richard I was crowned in Westminster.
1658 - Oliver Cromwell died.
1783 - The Revolutionary War between the U.S. and Great Britain ended with the Treaty of Paris.
1939 - British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, in a radio broadcast, announced that Britain and France had declared war on Germany. Germany had invaded Poland on September 1.
1943 - Italy was invaded by the Allied forces during World War II.
1976 - The U.S. spacecraft Viking 2 landed on Mars. The unmanned spacecraft took the first close-up, color photos of the planet's surface.
1994 - Russia and China announced that they would no longer be targeting nuclear missiles or using force against each other.