1433 - Sigismund was crowned emperor of Rome.
1870 - E.J. DeSemdt patented asphalt.
1884 - Dr. John Harvey Kellogg patented "flaked cereal."
1910 - The Union of South Africa was founded.
1915 - A German zeppelin made an air raid on London.
1947 - Communists seized control of Hungary.
1955 - The U.S. Supreme Court ordered that all states must end racial segregation "with all deliberate speed."
1961 - South Africa became an independent republic.
1962 - Adolf Eichmann was hanged in Israel. Eichmann was a Gestapo official and was executed for his actions in the Nazi Holocaust.
1979 - Zimbabwe proclaimed its independence.