1097 - The Crusaders defeated the Turks at Dorylaeum.
1859 - Charles Blondin crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
1894 - Korea declared independence from China and asked for Japanese aid.
1913 - Fighting broke out between Bulgaria and Greece and Spain. It was the beginning of the Second Balkan War.
1915 - During World War I, the Second Battle Artois ended when the French failed to take Vimy Ridge.
1922 - Irish rebels in London assassinate Sir Henry Wilson, the British deputy for Northern Ireland.
1930 - France pulled its troops out of Germany’s Rhineland.
1934 - Adolf Hitler purged the Nazi Party by destroying the SA and bringing to power the SS in the "Night of the Long Knives."
1971 - The Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 11 returned to Earth. The three cosmonauts were found dead inside.
1985 - Thirty-nine American hostages were freed from a hijacked TWA jetliner in Beirut after being held for 17 days.