1399 - Henry Bolingbroke became the King of England as Henry IV.
1868 - Spain's Queen Isabella was deposed and fled to France.
1938 - The Munich Conference ended with a decision to appease Adolf Hitler. Britain, and France allowed Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland to be annexed by the Nazis.
1946 - An international military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.
1955 - Actor James Dean was killed in a car accident at the age of 24.
1963 - The Soviet Union publicly declared itself on the side of India in their dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir.
1966 - Albert Speer and Baldur von Schirach were released at midnight from Spandau prison after completing their 20-year sentences. Speer was the Nazi minister of armaments and von Schirach was the founder of Hitler Youth.
1971 - The Soviet Union and the United States signed pacts that were aimed at avoiding an accidental nuclear war.
1994 - The space shuttle Endeavor took off on an 11-day mission. Part of the mission was to use a radar instrument to map remote areas of the Earth.
1997 - France's Roman Catholic Church apologized for its silence during the persecution and deportation of Jews the pro-Nazi Vichy regime.
1999 - In Tokaimura, Japan, radiation escaped a nuclear facility after workers accidentally set off an uncontrolled nuclear chain reaction.