1721 - Peter the Great (Peter I), ruler of Russia, changed his title to emperor.
1917 - British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour expressed support for a "national home" for the Jews of Palestine.
1930 - Haile Selassie was crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
1930 - The DuPont Company announced the first synthetic rubber. It was named DuPrene.
1985 - The South African government imposed severe restrictions on television, radio and newspaper coverage of unrest by both local and foreign journalists.
1986 - American hostage David Jacobson was released after being held in Lebanon for 17 months by Shiite Muslims kidnappers.
2001 - The computer-animated movie "Monsters, Inc." opened. The film recorded the best debut ever for an animated film and the 6th best of all time.