1791 - Samuel Briggs and his son Samuel Briggs, Jr. received a joint patent for their nail-making machine. They were the first father-son pair to receive a patent.
1922 - Alexander Graham Bell died.
1934 - German President Paul von Hindenburg died. His successor was Adolf Hitler.
1939 - Albert Einstein signed a letter to President Roosevelt urging the U.S. to have an atomic weapons research program.
1945 - The Allied conference at Potsdam was concluded.
1987 - "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" was re-released. The film was 50 years old at the time of its re-release.
1990 - Iraq invaded the oil-rich country of Kuwait. Iraq claimed that Kuwait had driven down oil prices by exceeding production quotas set by OPEC.