1758 - England's Admiral Horatio Nelson was born.
1829 - The first public appearance by London's re-organized police force was met with jeers from political opponents. The force became known as Scotland Yard.
1967 - The International Monetary Fund reformed monetary systems around the world.
1978 - Pope John Paul I was found dead after only one month of serving as pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church.
1988 - The space shuttle Discovery took off from Cape Canaveral in Florida. It was the first manned space flight since the Challenger disaster.