1797 - Nathaniel Briggs patented a washing machine.
1854 - The Crimean War began with Britain and France declaring war on Russia.
1910 - The first seaplane took off from water at Martinques, France. The pilot was Henri Fabre.
1917 - During World War I the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) was founded.
1933 - In Germany, the Nazis ordered a ban on all Jews in businesses, professions and schools.
1938 - In Italy, psychiatrists demonstrated the use of electric-shock therapy for treatment of certain mental illnesses.
1939 - The Spanish Civil War ended as Madrid fell to Francisco Franco.
1945 - Germany launched the last of the V-2 rockets against England.
1990 - Jesse Owens received the Congressional Gold Medal from U.S. President George Bush.