1065 - Westminster Abbey was consecrated under Edward the Confessor.
1694 - Queen Mary II of England died after five years of joint rule with her husband, King William III.
1836 - Mexico's independence was recognized by Spain.
1937 - The Irish Free State became the Republic of Ireland when a new constitution established the country as a sovereign state under the name of Eire.
1950 - The Peak District became Britain's first designated National Park.