48 B.C. - Pompey the Great was murdered on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt.
551 B.C. - Teacher and philosopher Confucius was born. He dedicated most of his life to teaching, starting at the age of 22 when he opened his first school.
1066 - England was invaded by William the Conqueror who claimed the English throne.
1687 - The Turks surrendered Athens to the Venetians.
1915 - The British defeated the Turks in Mesopotamia at Kut-el-Amara.
1939 - During World War II, Germany and the Soviet Union agreed upon a plan on the division of Poland.
1972 - Communist China and Japan agreed to re-establish diplomatic relations.
1985 - Rioting erupted in London's Brixton district that lasted for two days. The incident occurred after a black woman was shot by a police officer during a raid on her home.
1995 - Yasser Arafat of the PLO and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin signed an accord that transferred control of the West Bank.