0363 - The death of Roman Emperor Julian brought an end to the Pagan Revival.
1693 - "The Ladies' Mercury" was published by John Dunton in London. It was the first women's magazine and contained a "question and answer" column that became known as a "problem page."
1743 - King George II of England defeated the French at Dettingen, Bavaria, in the War of the Austrian Succession.
1801 - British forces defeated the French and took control of Cairo, Egypt.
1871 - The yen became the new form of currency in Japan.
1918 - Two German pilots were saved by parachutes for the first time.
1944 - During World War II, American forces completed their capture of the French port of Cherbourg from the German army.
1954 - The world's first atomic power station opened at Obninsk, near Moscow.
1961 - Arthur Michael Ramsey was enthroned as the 100th Archbishop of Canterbury.