1907 - The Bubonic Plague broke out in San Francisco.
1931 - Piccard and Knipfer made the first flight into the stratosphere, by balloon.
1941 - The German battleship Bismarck was sunk by British naval and air forces. 2,300 people were killed.
1964 - Indian Prime Minister Jawaharla Nehru died.
1985 - In Beijing, representatives of Britain and China exchanged instruments of ratification on the pact returning Hong Kong to the Chinese in 1997.
1996 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin negotiated a cease-fire to the war in Chechnya in his first meeting with the leader of the rebels.