1779 - John Adams was elected to negotiate with the British over the American Revolutionary War peace terms.
1825 - George Stephenson operated the first locomotive that hauled a passenger train.
1928 - The U.S. announced that it would recognize the Nationalist Chinese Government.
1938 - The League of Nations branded the Japanese as aggressors in China.
1939 - After 19 days of resistance, Warsaw, Poland, surrendered to the Germans after being invaded by the Nazis and the Soviet Union during World War II.
1959 - The Japanese island of Honshu was hit by Typhoon Vera. Nearly 5,000 people were killed.
1982 - Italian and French soldiers entered the Sabra and Chatilla refugee camps in Beirut. The move was made by the members of a multinational force due to hundreds of Palestinians being massacred by Christian militiamen.
1996 - The Taliban seized control of Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, and hanged the former president Najibullah.