55 B.C. - Britain was invaded by Roman forces under Julius Caesar.
1498 - Michelangelo was commissioned to make the "Pieta."
1743 - Antoine Lavoisier was born. He was the chemist that proved that the union of oxygen and other chemicals is used in burning, rusting of metals and breathing.
1847 - Liberia was proclaimed as an independent republic.
1883 - A two-day eruption of the volcanic island Krakatoa began. The tidal waves that were associated with the eruption killed 36,000 people when they destroyed the island.
1934 - Adolf Hitler demanded that France turn over their Saar region to Germany.
1937 - All Chinese shipping was blockaded by Japan.
1957 - It was announced that an intercontinental ballistic missile was successfully tested by the Soviet Union.
1992 - A "no-fly zone" was imposed on the southern 1/3 of Iraq. The move by the U.S., France and Britain was aimed at protecting Iraqi Shiite Muslims.