1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte escaped from the Island of Elba. He then began his second conquest of France.
1848 - The second French Republic was proclaimed.
1881 - S.S. Ceylon began its world-wide cruise, beginning in Liverpool, England.
1916 - Mutual signed Charlie Chaplin to a film contract.
1930 - New York City installed traffic lights.
1952 - British Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that Britain had developed an atomic bomb.
1987 - The U.S.S.R. conducted its first nuclear weapons test after a 19-month moratorium period.
1991 - Iraqi President Saddam Hussein announced on Baghdad Radio that Iraqi troops were being withdrawn from Kuwait.