2137 B.C. - Chinese Royal astronomers, Ho and Hsi, were executed after not predicting a solar eclipse caused panic in the streets of China.
1400 - Geoffrey Chaucer died at the age of 57. He was the first poet to be buried in Westminster Abbey.
1415 - In Northern France, England won the Battle of Agincourt over France during the Hundred Years' War. Almost 6000 Frenchmen were killed while fewer than 400 were lost by the English.
1760 - George III took the British throne after the death of King George II, his grandfather.
1854 - The Charge of the Light Brigade took place during the Crimean War.
1881 - The founder of "Cubism," Pablo Picasso, was born in Malaga, Spain.
1917 - The Bolsheviks (Communists) under Vladimir Ilyich Lenin seized power in Russia.
1971 - The U.N. General Assembly voted to expel Taiwan and admit mainland China.
2001 - It was announced that scientists had unearthed the remains of an ancient crocodile which lived 110 million years ago. The animal, found in Gadoufaoua, Niger, grew as long as 40 feet and weighed as much as eight metric tons.