1314 - Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce won over Edward II of England at the Battle of Bannockburn in Scotland.
1340 - The English fleet defeated the French fleet at Sluys, off the Flemish coast.
1497 - Italian explorer John Cabot, sailing in the service of England, landed in North America on what is now Newfoundland.
1509 - Henry VIII was crowned King of England.
1793 - The first republican constitution in France was adopted.
1812 - Napoleon crossed the Nieman River and invaded Russia.
1910 - The Japanese army invaded Korea.
1931 - The Soviet Union and Afghanistan signed a treaty of neutrality.
1940 - France signed an armistice with Italy.
1948 - The Soviet Union began the Berlin Blockade.
1998 - Walt Disney World Resort admitted its 600-millionth guest.
2002 - A painting from Monet's Waterlilies series sold for $20.2 million.