1839 - Mr. William S. Otis received a patent for the steam shovel.
1942 - The Voice of America (VOA) aired for the first time.
1848 - The Communist Manifesto was published.
1868 - The first parade to use floats occurred in New Orleans at Mardi Gras.
1903 - In Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, an area was leased to the U.S. for a naval base.
1938 - The first nylon bristle toothbrush was made.
1945 - During World War II, the Philippine capital of Manilla, was liberated by U.S. soldiers.
1981 - Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Britain's Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer.
1983 - A U.S.congressional commission released a report that condemned the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II.
1987 - An exploding supernova was discovered in the Large Magellanic Cloud galaxy.
1989 - Iran’s Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini sentenced Salman Rushdie to death for his novel "The Satanic Verses". A bounty of one to three-million-dollars was also put on Rushidie's head.