1556 - An earthquake in Shanxi Province, China, was thought to have killed about 830,000 people.
1571 - The Royal Exchange in London, founded by financier Thomas Gresham, was opened by Queen Elizabeth I.
1789 - Georgetown College was established as the first Catholic college in the U.S.
1920 - The Dutch government refused the demands from the Allies to hand over the ex-kaiser of Germany.
1924 - The first Labour government was formed, under Ramsay MacDonald.
1937 - In Moscow, seventeen people went on trial during Josef Stalin's "Great Purge."
1943 - The British captured Tripoli from the Germans.
1950 - The Israeli Knesset approved a resolution proclaiming Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
1968 - North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship Pueblo, charging it had intruded into the nation's territorial waters on a spying mission. The crew was released 11 months later.
1973 - U.S. President Nixon announced that an accord had been reached to end the Vietnam War.
1978 - Sweden banned aerosol sprays because of damage to environment. They were the first country to do so.
1985 - The proceedings of the House of Lords were televised for the first time.
1989 - Surrealist artist Salvador Dali died in Spain at age 84.
2003 - North Korea announced that it would consider sanctions an act of war for North Korea's reinstatement of its nuclear program.