1376 - The legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin leading rats out of town is said to have occurred on this date.
1812 - English troops under the Duke of Wellington defeated the French at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain.
1943 - American forces led by Gen. George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily.
1998 - Iran tested medium-range missile, capable of reaching Israel or Saudi Arabia.
2000 - Astronomers at the University of Arizona announced that they had found a 17th moon orbiting Jupiter.
2003 - In northern Iraq, Saddam Hussein's sons Odai and Qusai died after a gunfight with U.S. forces.
2004 - The September 11 commission's final report was released. The 575-page report concluded that hijackers exploited "deep institutional failings within our government." The report was released to White House officials the day before.