1455 - King Henry VI was taken prisoner by the Yorkists at the Battle of St. Albans, during the War of the Roses.
1570 - Abraham Ortelius published the first modern atlas in Belgium.
1819 - The steamship Savannah became the first to cross the Atlantic Ocean.
1859 - The creator of "Sherlock Holmes," Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was born.
1892 - Dr. Sheffield, a British dentist, invented the toothpaste tube.
1908 - The Wright brothers registered their flying machine for a U.S. patent.
1939 - Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini signed a military alliance between Germany and Italy known as the "Pact of Steel."
1972 - U.S. President Nixon became the first U.S. president to visit Russia. He met with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.
1990 - Microsoft released Windows 3.0.
1998 - Voters in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland turned out to cast ballots giving approval to a Northern Ireland peace accord.