0325 - The Ecumenical council was inaugurated by Emperor Constantine in Nicea, Asia Minor.
1303 - A peace treaty was signed between England and France over the town of Gascony.
1347 - Cola di Rienzo took the title of tribune in Rome.
1506 - In Spain, Christopher Columbus died in poverty.
1520 - Hernando Cortez defeated Spanish troops that had been sent to punish him in Mexico.
1690 - England passed the Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II.
1674 - John Sobieski became Poland’s first King.
1784 - The Peace of Versailles ended a war between France, England, and Holland.
1830 - The fountain pen was patented by H.D. Hyde.
1874 - Levi Strauss began marketing blue jeans with copper rivets.
1927 - Charles Lindbergh took off from New York to cross the Atlantic for Paris aboard his airplane the "Spirit of St. Louis." The trip took 33 1/2 hours.
1930 - The first airplane was catapulted from a dirigible.
1932 - Amelia Earhart took off to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She became the first woman to achieve the feat.
1941 - Germany invaded Crete by air.
1942 - Japan completed the conquest of Burma.