1812 - Napoleon Bonaparte's French forces began their retreat out of Russia after a month of chasing the retreating Russian army.
1943 - The Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers began in Russia during World War II. Delegates from the U.S.S.R., Great Britain, the U.S., and China met to discuss war aims and cooperation between the nations.
1960 - The United States imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.
1989 - The Guilford Four were cleared of all charges and released after 14 years in prison. The charges were from the 1975 IRA bombings of public houses in Guildford and Woolrich, England.
1993 - Benazir Bhutto was returned to the premiership of Pakistan.