1356 - The Battle of Poitiers was fought between England and France. Edward "the Black Prince" captured France's King John.
1777 - The Battle of Saratoga was won by American soldiers during the Revolutionary War.
1796 - U.S. President Washington's farewell address was published.
1819 - John Keats wrote "Ode to Autumn."
1876 - Melville R. Bissell patented the carpet sweeper.
1891 - "The Merchant of Venice" was performed for the first time at Manchester.
1957 - The U.S. conducted its first underground nuclear test. The test took place in the Nevada desert.
1982 - Scott Fahlman became the first person to use :-) in an online message.
1984 - China and Britain completed a draft agreement transferring Hong Kong from British to Chinese rule by 1997.
1990 - Iraq began confiscating foreign assets of countries that were imposing sanctions against the Iraqi government.
1992 - The U.N. Security Council recommended suspending Yugoslavia due to its role in the Bosnian civil war.