1469 - Ferdinand of Aragon married Isabella of Castile. The marriage united all the dominions of Spain.
1685 - King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes, which had established the legal toleration of the Protestant population.
1860 - British troops burned the Yuanmingyuan at the end of the Second Opium War.
1867 - The U.S. took formal possession of Alaska from Russia. The land was purchased of a total of $7 million dollars (2 cents per acre).
1931 - Inventor Thomas Alva Edison died at the age of 84.
1944 - Czechoslovakia was invaded by the Soviets during World War II.
1977 - A German special forces team stormed a hijacked Lufthansa airliner and killed all four hijackers and freed 86 hostages. The Palestinian hijackers had demanded the release of members of the Red Army Faction.
1990 - Iraq made an offer to the world that it would sell oil for $21 a barrel. The price level was the same as it had been before the invasion of Kuwait.