1540 - Afghan chief Sher Khan defeated Mongul Emperor Humayun at Kanauj.
1630 - Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi saw the belts on Jupiter's surface.
1681 - Louis XIV sent an expedition to aid James II in Ireland. As a result, England declares war on France.
1940 - Germany occupied Brussels, Belgium and began the invasion of France.
1948 - The Soviet Union recognized the new state of Israel.