1215 - King John of England put his seal on the Magna Carta.
1381 - The English peasant revolt was crushed in London.
1389 - Ottoman Turks crushed Serbia in the Battle of Kosovo.
1667 - Jean-Baptiste Denys administered the first fully-documented human blood transfusion.
1844 - Charles Goodyear was granted a patent for the process that strengthens rubber.
1866 - Prussia attacked Austria.
1917 - Great Britain pledged the release of all the Irish captured during the Easter Rebellion of 1916.
1940 - The French fortress of Verdun was captured by Germans.
1944 - American forces began their successful invasion of Saipan during World War II.
1947 - The All-Indian Congress accepted a British plan for the partition of India.
1958 - Greece severed military ties to Turkey because of the Cypress issue.
1964 - The last French troops left Algeria.
1994 - Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations.