44 BC - Roman Emperor Julius Caesar was assassinated by high ranking Roman Senators. The day is known as the "Ides of March."
1341 - During the Hundred Years War, an alliance was signed between Roman Emperor Louis IV and France's Philip VI.
1493 - Christopher Columbus returned to Spain after his first New World voyage.
1877 - The first cricket test between Australia and England was played in Melbourne. Australia won by 45 runs.
1892 - Jesse W. Reno patented the Reno Inclined Elevator. It was the first escalator.
1909 - Italy proposed a European conference on the Balkans.
1917 - Russian Czar Nicholas II abdicated himself and his son. His brother Grand Duke succeeded as czar.
1922 - Fuad I assumed the title of king of Egypt after the country gained nominal independence from Britain.
1935 - Joseph Goebbels, German Minister of Propaganda banned four Berlin newspapers.
1937 - In Chicago, the first blood bank to preserve blood for transfusion by refrigeration was established at the Cook County Hospital.
1938 - Oil was discovered in Saudi Arabia.
1939 - German forces occupied Bohemia and Moravia, and part of Czechoslovakia.
1944 - Cassino, Italy, was destroyed by Allied bombing.
1946 - British Premier Attlee offered India full independence after agreement on a constitution.
1949 - Clothes rationing in Great Britain ended nearly four years after the end of World War II.
1960 - Ten nations met in Geneva to discuss disarmament.
1979 - Pope John Paul II published his first encyclical "Redemptor Hominis." In the work he warned of the growing gap between the rich and poor.
1990 - Mikhail Gorbachev was elected the first executive president of the Soviet Union.
1990 - The Soviet parliament ruled that Lithuania's declaration of independence was invalid and that Soviet law was still in force in the Baltic republic.
1991 - Four Los Angeles police officers were indicted in the beating of Rodney King on March 3, 1991.
2002 - Libyan Abdel Baset Ali Mohmed Al-Megrahi began his life sentence in a Scottish jail for his role in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 on December 21, 1988.