1057 - Macbeth, the King of Scotland, was killed by the son of King Duncan.
1914 - The Panama Canal was officially opened to commercial traffic as an American ship sailed from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
1918 - Diplomatic ties between the U.S. and Russia were severed.
1944 - The Allied forces of World War II landed in southern France.
1945 - The Allies proclaimed V-J Day a day after Japan agreed to surrender unconditionally.
1949 - In San Francisco, a stunt leap off the Golden Gate Bridge was performed for the first time.
1961 - East German workers began construction of the Berlin Wall.
1994 - Ilich Ramirez Sanchez was jailed in France. He was the international terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal."
1998 - A car bomb in Omagh, Northern Ireland, killed 29 people and injured 370.
2001 - Astronomers announced the discovery of the first solar system outside our own. They had discovered two planets orbiting a star in the Big Dipper.