1503 - Physician, astrologer and clairvoyant Nostradamus was born at St. Remy, Provence, France.
1911 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole. He reached the destination 35 days ahead of Captain Robert F. Scott.
1918 - For the first time in Britain women (over 30) voted in a General Election.
1939 - The Soviet Union was dropped from the League of Nations.
1945 - Josef Kramer, known as "the beast of Belsen," and 10 others were executed in Hamelin for the crimes they committed at the Belsen and Auschwitz Nazi concentration camps.
1988 - The first transatlantic underwater fiber-optic cable went into service.
1990 - After 30 years in exile, ANC president Oliver Tambo returned to South Africa.