1066 - The Battle of Hastings occurred in England. The Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeated King Harold II of England.
1568 - Mary, Queen of Scots, went on trial in England. She was accused of conspiring against Queen Elizabeth I. Mary was beheaded the following February.
1926 - The book "Winnie-the-Pooh," by A.A. Milne, made its debut.
1933 - Nazi Germany announced that it was withdrawing from the League of Nations.
1944 - German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face execution after being accused of conspiring against Adolf Hitler and the execution that would follow.
1944 - During World War II, the Second British Parachute Brigade liberated the city of Athens.
1962 - The Cuban Missile Crisis began when U.S. reconnaissance aircrafts photographed Soviet construction of intermediate-range missile sites in Cuba.
1964 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent resistance to racial prejudice in America
1995 - An armed gunman seized control of bus of tourists in Moscow's Red Square. The next day commandos stormed the bus freeing the four remaining hostages and killing the gunman.
1998 - The FBI charged Eric Robert Rudolph with 6 bombings including the 1996 Olympic bombing in Atlanta.