1759 - The French were defeated by the British on the Plains of Abraham in the final French and Indian War.
1898 - Hannibal Williston Goodwin patented celluloid photographic film, which is used to make movies.
1922 - In El Azizia, Libya, the highest shade temperature was recorded at 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit.
1977 - The first diesel automobiles were introduced by General Motors.
1988 - Forecasters reported that Hurricane Gilbert's barometric pressure measured 26.13. It was the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere.