1521 - Present day Mexico City was captured by Spanish conqueror Hernando Cortez from the Aztec Indians.
1704 - The Battle of Blenheim was fought during the War of the Spanish Succession, resulting in a victory for English and Austrian forces.
1792 - French revolutionaries took the entire French royal family and imprisoned them.
1889 - A patent for a coin-operated telephone was issued to William Gray.
1932 - Adolf Hitler refused to take the post of vice-chancellor of Germany. He said he was going to hold out "for all or nothing."
1961 - Berlin was divided by a barbed wire fence to halt the flight of refugees. Two days later work on the Berlin Wall began.
1990 - Iraq transferred $3-4 billion in bullion, currency, and other goods seized from Kuwait to Baghdad.
1994 - It was reported that aspirin not only helps reduce the risk of heart disease, but also helps prevent colon cancer.