1542 - Catherine Howard was executed. She was the fifth wife of England's King Henry VIII.
1633 - Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before the Inquisition.
1920 - The League of Nations recognized the continued neutrality of Switzerland.
1945 - During World War II, the Soviets captured Budapest, Hungary, from the German army.
1945 - During World War II, Allied aircraft began bombing the German city of Dresden.
1955 - Israel acquired 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.
1960 - France detonated its first atomic bomb.
1997 - Astronauts on the space shuttle Discovery brought the Hubble Space Telescope aboard for a tune up. The tune up allowed the telescope to see further into the universe.
2002 - Former New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani received an honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II.