1609 - The Bermuda Islands became an English colony.
1664 - New Jersey became a British colony. King Charles II granted land in the New World to his brother James (The Duke of York).
1809 - Britain signed a treaty with Persia forcing the French to leave the country.
1879 - The British Zulu War began.
1889 - Almon B. Stowger applied for a patent for his automatic telephone system.
1894 - Coca-Cola was sold in bottles for the first time.
1903 - The Czar of Russia issued a decree providing for nominal freedom of religion throughout his territory.
1909 - The British Parliament increased naval appropriations for Britain.
1912 - The Girl Scout organization was founded. The original name was Girl Guides.
1923 - Dr. Lee DeForest demonstrated phonofilm. It was his technique for putting sound on motion picture film.
1930 - Ghandi began his 200-mile march to the sea that symbolized his defiance of British rule over India.
1938 - The "Anschluss" took place as German troops entered Austria.
1940 - Finland surrendered to Russia ending the Russo-Finnish War.
1944 - Britain barred all travel to Ireland.
1992 - Mauritius became a republic but remained a member of the British Commonwealth.
1994 - A photo by Marmaduke Wetherell of the Loch Ness monster was confirmed to be a hoax. The photo was taken of a toy submarine with a head and neck attached.
1994 - The Church of England ordained its first women priests.
1998 - Astronomers cancelled a warning that a mile-wide asteroid might collide with Earth saying that calculations had been off by 600,000 miles.
1999 - Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic became members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). All three countries were members of the former Warsaw Pact.
2002 - U.S. homeland security chief Tom Ridge unveiled a color-coded system for terror warnings.
2003 - In Belgrade, Serbia-Montenegro, Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic was assassinated as he walked into government headquarters. Djindjic had helped to topple Slobodan Milosevic and had declared war on organized crime.