1503 - Christopher Columbus discovered the Cayman Islands.
1774 - Louis XVI ascended the throne of France.
1794 - Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI, was beheaded.
1796 - Napoleon Bonaparte won a brilliant victory against the Austrians at Lodi bridge in Italy.
1857 - The Seepoys of India revolted against the British Army.
1933 - The Nazis staged massive public book burnings in Germany.
1940 - Germany invaded Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
1941 - England's House of Commons was destroyed by a German air raid.
1941 - Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler's deputy, parachuted into Scotland on what he claimed was a peace mission.
1942 - U.S. forces in the Philippines began to surrender to the Japanese.
1943 - U.S. troops invaded Attu in the Aleutian Islands to expel the Japanese.
1960 - The U.S.S. Triton completed the first circumnavigation of the globe under water.
1994 - Nelson Mandela was sworn in as South Africa’s first black president.